Author Topic: Equipment Fact File - Argentina  (Read 97 times)

Offline Cipherhornet18

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Equipment Fact File - Argentina
« on: May 08, 2017, 04:52:11 PM »
((Side Note: I tried to keep it short and sweet, I figure we all know how to look stuff up on the internet to get exact info, but this should at least help for a general idea. I stuck largely to what would be mainly relevant, the rest I figure could be looked up. - Cipher))

-Sidearms
Browning Hi-Power - Locally produced copies of this pre-WW2 9mm pistol are issued as the standard service pistol. 13 rounds, considered to be a refinement of the 1911 and well liked around the world.

Glock 17 - Issued to some officers. 17 rounds of 9mm, well known around the world as being nearly indestructible.

Heckler & Koch P9S - Issued to special forces teams. 9 rounds of 9mm, was once issued to SEALs, it is a small double-action pistol, though production was discontinued in the 1970s.

Bersa Thunder 9 - Locally built and designed handgun, not often seen in use but some have made their way into the hands of officers. 9mm with 17 rounds, bears some external similarities to the Walther P88, but has more in common with the Beretta M1951.

-Submachine Guns
FMK-3 - Locally built and designed SMG. Like the Uzi, this weapon is a compact sub-machine gun with the magazine inserted into the grip. Chambered in 9mm, with 25, 32, and 40 round magazines available for use.

Heckler & Koch MP5 - Well known 9mm SMG used by special forces units. (NOTE: Unable to determine which models are currently in use at this time).

Colt 9mm SMG - A submachine gun related to the M16 rifle, issued to special forces units. A compact weapon that is considered to be very accurate while also retaining the familiarity of the AR-15 family. 20 and 32 round magazines available for use.

Sterling - British made SMG from the Cold War, the standard Mk. 4 and the integrally suppressed L34A1 variants are in service with special forces units. A simple and straightforward weapon with few frills, it is chambered in 9mm and feeds from 34 round magazines.

-Shotguns
Ithaca 37 - American made shotgun, with a locally produced copy called the Bataan 71 also in service. 12 gauge pump action, the Ithaca 37 is unique in that it loads and ejects from the bottom of the reciever, but is otherwise a conventional shotgun.

Remington 870 - American made 12 gauge pump action shotgun. Straightforward and simple, it is considered the gold standard by which all other shotguns are measured by. Only in use with special forces units.

High Standard Model 10 - An American made bullpup semi-automatic shotgun, this design is considered unique but flawed, leading to the end of it's production in 1977. It has issues cycling, even with the correct shells, as well as an unpredictable trigger pull, the recoil damaging the integrated flashlight's batteries, and that it cannot be fired from the left shoulder due to the high force it ejected spent casings. Only in use with special forces units.

-Rifles
FM FAL - Locally produced copy of the FAL battle rifle, serving as the standard issue rifle. Issued variants include the standard FAL, the short barrel/folding stock FAL Para, and a heavy barrel variant called the FAP. Only the FAP has been known to suffer feed issues, the other rifles maintain the FAL's reputation of being a well made battle rifle. Chambered in 7.62x51mm NATO, feeding from 20 round magazines, with 30 round magazines and 50 round drums available.

Steyr AUG - Austrian-made 5.56 bullpup rifle, the current model in use is the AUG A1, which still uses the integrated optics. Issued to tank crews and special forces units. Uses 30 round magazines.

Colt M16A2 - Previous issue American 5.56 assault rifles in use with special forces and mountain infantry. Considered to be very accurate but mixed on the subject of reliability, the A2 series replaced full-auto fire mode with 3-round burst. Uses 30 round magazines.

Colt M4A1 - Carbine variant of the M16A2 with full-auto fire capability restored, issued to special forces. The shorter size accomodates use in close-quarters environments, such as urban and jungle terrain. Uses the same 30 round magazines as the M16.

Remington M24 - Bolt-action 7.62 sniper rifle, based on the American Model 700 rifle. Standard issue to Army and Navy snipers. A straightforward but well liked rifle. Feeds from an internal 5 round magazine.

Steyr SSG-69 - Austrian made bolt action 7.62 sniper rifle in use with special forces units. Considered extremely accurate and has been used in competitive shooting to great result. Feeds from a 5 round internal rotary magazine.

Barrett M95 - US made bullpup anti-materiel rifle, chambered in .50 BMG. A relative of the famous M82, the M95 is issued to special forces units. Despite the smaller size, it still is just as capable as other anti-materiel rifles, but better suited for confining environments. Feeds from a 5 round magazine.

Steyr HS.50 - An Austrian made .50 BMG anti-materiel rifle also issued to special operations units. It is a single shot bolt-action rifle, requiring that the rifle be reloaded after every shot.

-Machine Guns
FN MAG/M240 - Locally produced copies of a Belgian General Purpose Machine Gun that has been adopted all over the world. A very small number of American produced M240Bs were exported and in use with special forces teams, while the MAG is in widespread use, used by infantry, on vehicles and helicopters. Chambered in 7.62x51 NATO and feeds from disintegrating belt feeds.

Rheinmetall MG3 - German-made GPMG mounted on tanks, this weapon is a direct decendant of the famous MG42 from WW2. Features an impressively high rate of fire. Uses belts of 7.62x51 NATO.

MAS AA-52 - French-made GPMG mounted on armored vehicles. Does have a reputation of being on the edge of reliable since the action can shear casings in the chamber, and the solution is to grease the belt prior to use, attracting the possibility of fouling in return. Uses belts of 7.62x51 NATO.

Browning M2QCB/HB - Famous American heavy machine gun chambered in .50 BMG, mounted on vehicles. The current variant is the M2QCB (Quick Change Barrel), but was being replaced in service with the M2HB (Heavy Barrel). Feeds from belts of .50 BMG.

-Launchers
M203 - American-made single-shot pump-action grenade launcher, uses 40mm NATO grenade rounds. Mounted as an underbarrel attachment to FALs, M16s, and M4s.

Mk. 19 - American-made automatic grenade launcher mounted on Humvees in service. Feeds from belts of 40mm NATO grenade rounds

AT4 - Single shot rocket launcher produced by Sweden, currently in use with regular forces. Suitable for use against armored vehicles and fortifications, but does not have sufficent penetration to engage Main Battle Tanks.

MARA - Locally built rocket launcher, similiar to the M72 LAW. Issued to augment the AT4, useful for destroying armored vehicles and fortifications, but falls short against Main Battle Tanks.

Carl Gustav M3 - Swedish built 84mm Recoilless Rifle. Though long since considered ineffective against tanks, the M3 has since gained a reputation of being much better suited to destroying enemy fortifications instead.

BGM-71 TOW - US-made wire-guided anti-tank missile launcher. Though cumbersome in an infantry role (requiring a dedicated tripod mount and crew), it is also used on vehicles and helicopters, and is considered to be quite effective.

RBS-70 - Swedish made laser-guided surface-to-air missile launcher. Unlike other man-portable air defense systems, such as the Stinger or Igla, the RBS-70 does require a dedicated pedestal  mount to use properly, but the laser guidence system does help improve accuracy and work against countermeasures.


-Armored Vehicles
TAM (Tanque Argentino Mediano) - Argentina's main battle tank, the TAM was developed jointly between West Germany and Argentina to replace their aging fleet of WW2 vintage Shermans. Built on the hull of the Marder I infantry fighting vehicle and fitted with a modified turret from a Leopard 1, the TAM is a high speed, low profile tank. It's main armament is a locally produced copy of the Royal Ordanence L7 105mm rifled gun, and is fitted with 2 additional MAG 7.62 machine guns. The TAM serves as the basis for other vehicles, including the VCA 155 self propelled howitzer, the VCTP Infantry Fighting Vehicle (armed with a 20mm autocannon), VCTM Mortar Carrier (120mm Mortar), VCPC Command Carrier (MAG 7.62 MG), VCLC Mobile Rocket Launcher (160mm or 350mm Rockets), VCA Ambulance and VCRT recovery vehicle (MAG 7.62 MG). The TAM's speed and low profile give it good ambush opportunities, as well as being able to operate in some of the unforgiving terrain found around Argentina, while the main gun is still considered around the world to be suitable in tank engagements (with appropriate ammunition). However, in a one-on-one match, the TAM would not survive against a direct hit from any currently used Main Battle Tank.

SK-105 Kurassier - An Austrian-made light tank, the SK-105 shares a good deal in common with the AMX-13, which still sees some use in Argentina as well. Both tanks use an oscillating turret, which allows the use for a semi-automatic revolving magazine autoloader. With the SK-105, this is a 105mm rifled gun, feeding from two magazines of 6 rounds, with a total of 42 rounds in storage. After the rounds are discharged, the crew has to replace the magazines. The SK-105 has good fire control and speed, but the armor is very thin, since the vehicle had to be light enough to air transport on C-130 cargo planes. The combination of speed and an autoloader gun means that the SK-105 has excellent ambush capabilities, able to dart out, fire on targets rapidly, and then withdraw swiftly, but the poor armor means that the SK-105 is vulnerable to most anti-tank weapons used to date.

AMX-13 - A French-made light tank developed after World War Two, the AMX-13 uses an oscillating turret and an autoloading system, and was used mainly in the Middle East during the Cold War. The current model in Argentine service is the AMX-13/105 Modele 58, an upgrade to the base model by fitting a 105mm gun to replace the 75 and 90mm guns previously used in the AMX-13. The tank is known to be agile and versitile, with numerous variants built by France, but it is also known to be too thinly armored (the Israelis discovered this during the Six Day War, selling off their entire fleet afterwards). It is well suited to hit and run and ambush tactics, but considering the tank was considered under armored in 1967, that situation has only worsened, despite the sale of applique armor packages over the years.

M113 - An armored personnel carrier originating from the United States, the M113 is an extremely simple but adaptable vehicle that has spawned a wide range of successful combat vehicles. Able to carry 11 troops into combat, it is armored against small arms fire but anything heavier stands a good chance of getting through the thin armor and knocking it out. Currently, the M113A2 APC, M548A1 cargo carrier, and M557A1 Command Vehicle variants are the only types in service with the Argentine Army. That being said, the M113's adaptability has, in the past, led it to being upgraded into an anti-aircraft platform, anti-tank missile carrier and mortar carrier. The base models are typically armed with either a 7.62 MG or .50cal HMG.

AMX-13 VCPC - An armored personnel carrier based on the French AMX-13, the VCPC is capable of carrying 10 troops into combat. Like the M113, the VCPC is adaptable, but has only been observed to be in the APC role in the Argentine Army, and largely shares the same performance as the AMX-13 light tank it is based on.

ZBL-08 VN-1 - A new family of 8x8 combat vehicles built by China, the ZBL-08 is similiar in many regards to other contemporary wheeled combat vehicles, such as the MOWAG Pirhana or American Stryker, being adaptable to a wide range of roles, though the Argentine Army was only interested in the export IFV model. It is armed with a 30mm autocannon in a turret, with provisions for mounting a 7.62mm MG and an updated Chinese copy of the Soviet 9M14/AT-3 anti-tank missile (though the Argentine Army does not use the missile). It is armored against small-arms fire, but without armor upgrade packages, cannot withstand fire from dedicated anti-tank weapons.


-Aircraft
Lockheed Martin A-4AR Fightinghawk - An American made ground attack fighter, the A-4AR is a modernization package to the A-4M Skyhawk, updating the aircraft's avionics with those found in the F-16 Falcon. The A-4 has been known as a sturdy and agile aircraft that was well loved by it's aircrews and maintenence teams around the world. Not only has it seen combat over Vietnam, Israel, and even the Falklands, but it was also used for aggressor training until 2003 and even by the Blue Angels until they converted to the F/A-18 Hornet. Due to political and economic issues, the Argentine Air Force's only hope for modernization was the A-4AR, though the modernization is quite extensive. Though the A-4 is nimble, it is not capable of supersonic speeds, and is still ideally suited for ground attack missions.

FMA IA-58 Pucara - A locally designed and produced counter-insurgency aircraft, the Pucara is a twin-prop engine aircraft that is intended for ground attack missions. These aircraft served in the Falklands War, where they earned a reputation of being capable of withstanding a fair bit of ground fire, but being more or less helpless against enemy aircraft. For the role it was designed for, the Pucara is well suited for the task, being well armed and protected while having respectable speed and agility, but without proper coverage or when engaging prepared enemies, the Pucara falls short in the face of surface-to-air missiles and enemy air action.

FAdeA IA-63 Pampa - A locally designed and produced training aircraft, the Pampa is much like other contemporary advanced trainers, such as the Hawk or Alpha Jet, where it can be put into action in a strike role if required. As it is a trainer, it is designed to be responsive but not overly fast, clocking in at Mach 0.81. It does have some combat capabilities, both for training new combat pilots with munitions, and for a limited strike capability, though it is well under what contemporary strike trainers can carry. (650kg vs 2500kg on the Alpha Jet). Noteworthy is that the Alpha Jet was a strong influence on the Pampa's design, though with some differences in wing design and only being single engine powered.

Dassault Mirage 5/IAI Finger - The Mirage 5 is a French-made multi-role fighter, developed as part of their Mirage-series of delta-wing aircraft, while the IAI Finger is an Israeli made copy that was built in response to France's arms embargo on Israel. For the sake of brevity, both are grouped together since they're by and large the same aircraft. The Mirage 5 originally was intended as a simplified ground attack variant of the Mirage III at the request of the Israelis, but the design has evolved into a multi-role capacity. The Mirage 5 is a delta-wing aircraft with a respectable top speed and good weapons capability, making it suitable for either ground attack or air superiority missions.

Dassault Mirage III - A French-design, the Mirage III is a very successful second generation fighter aircraft, proven numerous times in conflicts all over the world. A supersonic delta-wing fighter originally intended as an interceptor, the design evolved over the years, and the current version in Argentina is the multi-role Mirage IIIE. Overall, it has proven to be a fast and agile aircraft with a respectable payload, with very few drawbacks to the overall design, though the avionics are severely dated (the Mirage IIIE first appeared in 1964), blunting the performance in the face of more modern aircraft.

Dassault Super Etendard - Developled by France to serve as a carrier based strike fighter, the Argentine Naval Air Force continues to operate this aircraft from land bases after the retirement of their aircraft carrier. The Super Etendard is a swept-wing subsonic aircraft intended to strike land and sea targets, though the payload capacity is severely limited (a Super Etendard can only carry one Exocet anti-ship missile at a time, for example). Overall, it is well suited to its role.

Bell UH-1H Huey - An extremely prolific American helicopter, the Huey is well regarded and used the world over since first appearing in the 1960s. Though intended for the "utility" role, transporting cargo and personnel, there have been cases of the Huey converted into an ad-hoc gunship. This has not yet been documented in Argentine service, however, who have so far used them for transport and SAR roles.